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African Methodist Episcopal Church Review, Vol. 6, Num. 3
336                    CHURCH REVIEW.

our thoughts, viz., physical, intellectual, moral and religious
education, are closely related to each other, though occupying
very distinct fields; they are closely related, too, in the constitu-
tion of man's nature, yet well defined and well separated. Man
has a physical organism, like the animal, like the plant; he has
an intellectual organism; he has a moral sense, and he has a re-
ligious sense, if we may so name it. The brute, the lower ani-
mal creation, has the physical organism, very perfect in the
higher order of animals. He has an intellectual organization,
also, but one of very inferior type  His moral sense amounts
to almost nothing, yet some few signs of it appear, though of
doubtful character. As to a religious sense or feeling, none has
been observed. Education of the brute, therefore, is confined
to mere physical training--a mere system of routine habit.  In-
tellectually, morally and religiously, the brute is nothing worth
educating. To speak of the intellectual, moral or religious edu-
cation or training of a brute, therefore, would simply be much
out of place among preachers, teachers, doctors and lawyers.
Even Darwin would say amen to this sentiment. But when we
rise up to man, when we strike the human animal, then may we
begin this good and great work of education-this higher train-
ing of the intellectual, moral and spiritual, in earnest, and with
the hope that here our labor shall not be in vain.  And now,
having ended our short digression, let us proceed briefly to our
second head, Intellectual Training.
  In the outset, let me remark, that we, of all others, may speak
and hear with deepest interest. Our race has had enough of
physical training since the dawn of the world's first civilization.
We have been trained to muscular labor in every clime. We have
been universal slaves, and thoroughly educated to toil and tears.
We have worn the yoke of "servant" for many ganerations. We
sit to-day in much darkness, and, though no longer slaves, we are
servants in a very wide sense.  We are still training in the old
school of muscles The masses are still hewers of wood and
drawers of water.  And why?  Let me ask the colored man to-
day, everywhere in America--in this broad, and beautiful, and
bountiful land of equal rights to all--why is the colored man so
much a hewer of wood, so much a drawer of burdens?  This
question comes in louder tones than it ever came before. It
should sound like the thunder of a darker storm than our race
ever saw before.  All should hear it. I will answer, "We need
intellectual education; training of the mind." Intellectual dark-
ness forged the iron yoke of slavery on our necks, and intellect-
ual light alone will melt it off again, We have heard a great
deal of political talk about color and other points. We have
heard much splutter on social equality, and this right and that
right to office and honor; but we wish to say that there is but
one way to elevate any man--English, Irish or American and
that is, enlighten him--set the light on the inside of him, and
he will become "whiter than snow."  Set his intelligence ablaze
with knowledge; light up his brain with logic; electrify him


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OHS/National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center Serial Collection

African Methodist Episcopal Church Review, Vol. 6, Num. 3

Volume:  06
Issue Number:  03
Date:  01/1890


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