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African Methodist Episcopal Church Review, Vol. 6, Num. 3
372                    CHURCH REVIEW.

people of America, to lift themselves in twenty-five years to a
position of equality among their former masters. This very
word "equality" is the thing that has worked so much harm to
the cause of citizenship. Equality before the law is what we are
contending fore. If twenty-five years can undo the work of two
hundred and fifty, then slavery was a mild offence and should
never again be called "The sum of all villainies." In other
words, if the Negro could have gone the same distance up hill in
twenty-five years, that he did down hill in two and a half cen-
turies, he would have successfully refuted the law of gravitation,
and have proved himself a miraculous being.
  In the chapter on "Sectional Union," the writer calls attention
to the vain hope of the whole people, North and South, that
sectional strife would end with the close of the war, and the
abolition of slavery, "We have been disappointed.  The two
sections are sections still." Should we be disappointed when
we consider the very important fact that while the South was
forced to lay down arms, it has never accepted in good faith the
results of the war ? The principles of freedom and civil equality
are still on trial in the South, and receive only an unwelcome
toleration; and yet those are the very principles upon which the
foundation of this Republic rests.
  The government has vainly hoped to unite the two sections by
having a special policy for the South.
  The very necessity of having a special policy, so far as ad-
ministering the demands of the Constitution is concerned, shows
that the two sections are not one.  "'On both sides," says the
writer, "there is now the sincere and earnest desire for a more
perfect union." A desire! but what are to be the terms upon
which this "more perfect union" is to be based, and who shall
dictate the terms ? The majority has spoken and by the ar-
bitrament of war, it was their right to dictate terms, and this
they did at Appomattox. The only question is, whether both
parties will honorably respect their own compact.
  The points which the writer makes upon the unwillingness of
the North to concede to its newly.made citizens all the rights
and privileges that they are entitled to, by virtue of being citi-
zens, is indeed a sad comment upon the sincerity of the North,
but it does not at all alter the case. The North, that conquered,
is as much bound as the South that was conquered, to respect its
own decisions; and the fact that it continues to hold up those de-
cisions as the rule of action for the nation, is proof that it still
believes in the righteousness of its cause, and is ashamed of its
own hypocrisy.
  In chapter II, on "The Division Line," the writer, in terms most
emphatic, declares the cause of divisions to be the presence of the
Negro whom he is pleased to call "an alien," an "unassimilable
 The expression, "the presence of the Negro," contains much
of truth; indeed, just enough of truth to be misleadling. It is
but one side of the truth.  In a similar way, the presence of


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OHS/National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center Serial Collection

African Methodist Episcopal Church Review, Vol. 6, Num. 3

Volume:  06
Issue Number:  03
Date:  01/1890


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