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Black Battalion: Speech of Hon. Joseph B. Foraker of Ohio in the Senate of the United States, 1908

swered for Brown and Holloman, but that he was late, and that Reid
told him that they had gotten themselves and himself in a hell of a hole,
and told him to go to the guardhouse and pretend to be asleep, which
he did.
   "He told me that they had slipped a few cartridges when at target
practice, and that before inspection, after the shooting, Reid gave him
some cartridges to replace the ones he had used.  He further said that
they had all agreed before they went out that they would keep their
mouths, and that he would have told them at the investigation at Wash-
ington all about the shooting, but that he was afraid.  I had no further
talk with Conyers, because I saw that I was being suspected by the
negroes around Monroe, Ga.
                                  "WILLIAM (his x mark) LAWSON."
       H. J. BROWNE.
       GEO. W. MADERT.
   Subscribed and sworn to before me, a notary public in and for the
District aforesaid this 16th day of October. A. D. 1908.
   [SEAL.]                                       GEO. W. MADERT,
                                                       Notary Public.
  This day personally appeared before me Herbert J. Browne, of Wash-
ington, D. C., who, being duly sworn, deposes and says:
  "I was employed by the War Department in May, 1908, in com-
pany with Capt. William G. Baldwin, of Roanoke, Va.  chief of the
Baldwin Detective Agency, to investigate the conduct of the battalion
of the Twenty fifth Infantry,  stationed at Brownsville,  Tex., which
conduct resulted in the Brownsville raid, so called, on the night of
August 13-14, 1906, wherein one Frank Natus was killed, Lieutenant
of Police Dominguez badly wounded, and the houses of several citizens
were shot into, Captain Baldwin has charge of the secret work for the
Norfolk and Western Railway, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, the
Southern Railway, and the Atlantic Coast Line, and is one of the best-
known and most responsible detectives in the country.
  "In conjunction with him I have been continuously employed upon
this work since its inception, in May.
  "The facts set forth in my report addressed to Gen. George B. Davis,
Judge-Advocate-General, War Department, under date of December 5,
1908, are true to the best of my knowledge and belief.
  "In particular I visited Monroe, Ga., to corroborate the investigation
at that point of William Lawson, a colored detective in the employ of
Captain Baldwin, whose affidavit and reports are annexed to and made
a part of my report of December 5, 1908, above referred to.
  "I had several interviews at Monroe with Boyd Conyers, ex-private
of Company B, Twenty-fifth Infantry, one of the guard on the night of
the Brownsville raid, and found that William Lawson's statements
regarding Conyers were substantially and essentially correct.  I person-
ally obtained from Conyers further information detailing how the car-
tridges used in the raid were surreptitiously and illegally obtained and
distributed, how the principal raiders proceeded, when and by whom the
gun racks in Company B were unlawfully and secretly opened for the
purpose of the raid, how the raiders were protected during and subse-
quent to the raid and given opportunity to clean their guns, and, in par-
ticular, was furnished by Conyers with the names of 8 participants
in the raid other than the 3 named by him in his statements to
William Lawson, a total of 11, including himself, the said Conyers,
all members of Company B, Twenty-fifth Infantry.
  "The leaders of the raid, as named by Boyd Conyers, were John
Holloman, John Brown, Carolina de Saussure, and himself. Following
them were William Anderson, James Bailey, Charles E. Cooper, William
Lemons, Henry Jimerson, James (Rastus) Johnson, and Henry (Sonny)
Jones. Sergeant Reid, in charge of the guard, was accused by Conyers
of knowledge before and after the raid.  Sergt. George  Jackson,  in
charge of the keys of the gun racks of Company B, was accused of open-
ing the racks for the raiders, and of again opening them subsequent to
the raid in order that the guns might be removed and cleaned.
  "I found Boyd Conyers in a disturbed frame of mind. No claim is
made that his original declarations to William Lawson were other than
those of a criminal boasting to one of his own race of his crime and of
his success in escaping discovery.  His subsequent declarations to me
were given partly during moments of contrition and in a desire to un-
load his conscience by a confession and partly as the result of careful
and persistent questioning.


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Black Battalion: Speech of Hon. Joseph B. Foraker of Ohio in the Senate of the United States, 1908



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