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Address of Grover Cleveland and Booker T. Washington

to the millions of poor whites in the South who were buffetted for
200 years between slavery and freedom, between civilization and
degradation, who were disregarded by both the master and the
slave. It needs no prophet to tell the character of our future
civilization when the poor white boy in the country districts of the
South is in school three months and your boy in school ten
months; when the poor white boy receives one dollar's worth of
education and your boy twenty dollars worth; when one never
enters a library or reading-room, and the other has libraries and
reading-rooms in every ward and town; when one hears lectures
or sermons once in two months and the other can hear a lecture
or sermon every day.  My friends, there is no escape; you must
help us raise our civilization or yours will be lowered.  When the
South is poor, you are poor; when the South is ignorant, you are
ignorant; when the South commits crime, you commit crime.
When you help the South, you help yourselves.  Mere abuse will
not bring the remedy. The time has come, it seems to me.
when in this matter we should rise above party, or race, or color,
or sectionalism, into the region of duty of man to man, citizen to
citizen, Christian to Christian; and if the Negro who has been op-
pressed and denied rights in a Christian land can help you, North
and South to rise can be the medium of your rising into the atmos-
phere of generous Christian brotherhood and self-forgetfulness, he
will see in it a recompense for all that he has suffered in the past.
When you help the poor whites, you help the Negro. So long as
the poor whites are ignorant, so long there will be crime against
the Negro and civilization.
    In considering the relation of the races in the South, I thank
God that I have grown to the point where I can sympathize with
a white man as much as I can with a black man; where I can
sympathize with a Southern white man as much as I can with a
Nothern white man.  To me a man is but a man for "a' that and
a' that."  I propose that no man shall drag me down by making
me hate him. No race can hate another race without itself being
narrowed and hated. The race problem will work itself out in
proportion as the black man, by reason of his skill, intelligence,
and character, can produce something that the white man wants


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Address of Grover Cleveland and Booker T. Washington


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