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Budget Containing the Status of Methodism at the Second Ecumenical Conference of Methodism
			
             STATUS OF METHODISM AND CHRISTIANITY.       103

bills.  In Shaw University, Raleigh, N. C., for example, during the
year  1886-87, there were ninety boys in the carpentry department,
each being required to work forty hours a month.  Eighty young
women in the dressmaking department, and eighty-one worked one
hour each day in the dining hall and cook-room.  During this year
Shaw University used as "students aid" for work done $800.  This
institution, while amongst the best in book learning is alive of indus-
trious people. No man who knows the facts, doubts that the indus-
trial departments make education possible to great numbers and in
such a way as to cultivate rather than destroy self retainance.  Stu-
dents of negro education and of questions that go with it, will be
glad to know what some of the veteran and wise teachers think about
this whole matter of hand training, carried on so coincidently with
head and heart training. I introduce here, quotations from personal
and official statements made to me by some of the most experienced
and successful workers in these schools. If anybody knows what is
good for negro youth, these men and women should know.  They do
know."
     Pres. W. B. Patterson, of the State Normal School, formerly at
Marion, now at Montgomery, Ala., says, "instead of losing, as some
anticipated, students are gaining in the thoroughness of their literary
work.  The training of the eye and hand has developed their general
intelligence, cultivated their power of observation, and given more pre-
cision to their work."
    Principal Becker, of Benedict Instituted, (Baptist Home  Mis-
sion) Columbia, S. C., writing of his industrial departments in their
relation to intellectual drill and development, says in his report for
1885-86: "Those who have had to do with teaching colored people,
have found two great difficulties in the way, to-wit: the sluggish action
of the mind and the ease with which they have been discouraged.
The aid which has been afforded in quickening the mental energies,
by the introduction of the industrial work, could not be believed by
those who have not had to do with it as we have.  We find the grade
of scholarship growing better in the case of all who have been engaged
in the industrial departments.
    I explain the difference by the fact they found work they could
do, and so getting the sense of mastery and real power to overcome




			
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OHS/National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center Pamphlet Collection

Budget Containing the Status of Methodism at the Second Ecumenical Conference of Methodism


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