THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO: A SOCIAL STUDY.
BY RICHARD R. WRIGHT JR., B. D.
This study of the Neroes of Xenia, Ohio, is undertaken on the plan
of the previous studies of the Negroes of Farmville, Virginia, (a) and of
the Negroes of Sandy Spring, Maryland,(b) published by the Depart-
ment of Labor. It is the first of these studies relating to a northern
community, and it is hoped that it will prove useful in comparison
with the other two studies as showing the mode of life of Negroes
under somewhat different social, political, and economic conditions.
For this study Xenia offers several advantages which may justly
entitle it to be called typical. It is one of the oldest towns in Ohio,
and has a very well-defined group of Negroes settled almost entirely
in one section. It has a larger proportion of Negroes to the total
population than any other place of 2,500 inhabitants or more in Ohio;
and these Negroes have among them some of the oldest residents of
the city, and also some of the most recent immigrants. Here are
families of several generations of freedmen, descendants of runaway
slaves, together with the Negro of the South who has ventured North
for the first time in search of what he thinks is more, freedom.
The statistics upon which this study is based were gathered during
the months of May and June, 1902, and a partial recount was made
during the following September.
GREENE COUNTY, OHIO. (c)
Greene County, named for Gen. Nathaniel Greene, the Revolution-
ary war hero, is bounded on the north by Clark County; on the east
by Madison and Fayette counties; on the south by Clinton and Warren
counties, and on the west by Montgomery County. It is in the south-
western part of the State, about midway between Columbus and Cin-
cinnati, and was one of the first counties provided for by the Ohio
legislature in 1803.
The principal features of its topography are the valleys of the Little
Miami River, Beaver Creek, Caesar's Creek, and Mad River, into
a Bulletin of the Department of Labor, No. 14.
b Bulletin of the Department of Labor, No. 32.
c Cf. History of Greene County, R. S. Dills, 1881; also History of Greene County
by Robinson, 1902, and Howe's Historical Collections of Ohio, 1852.