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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			
1008              BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR.

  The following table shows  the tenure of the farms  in 1890, whether
cultivated by owners or rented for money or rented on shares:

               TENURE OF FARMS IN GREENE COUNTY. BY SIZE, 1890.

                                   Cultivated by   Rented for money. Rented on shares.
           Size of farms.             owners.
                                 Number. Per cent.  Number. Per cent.  Number. Per cent.
Under 10 acres ................... 125     7.83      21       9.17       20      3.57
10 or under 20 acres ............. 110     6.89      13       5.68       18      3.21
20 or under 50 acres ............. 214    13.40      40      17.47       59     10.52
50 or under 100 acres ............ 453    28.37      61      26.64      136     24.24
100 or under 500 acres ........... 689    43.14      93      40.61      327     58.29
500 or under 1,000 acres .........   5      .31       1        .43        1       .17
1,000 acres or over...............   1      .06      ...      ....      ...      ...

    Total .......................1,597   100.00     229     100.00      561    100.00

  As the census of 1900 does  not classify the tenure of farms in the
same way, it is impossible to give corresponding figure's.    The returns
in 1900 were made as follows:  Cultivated  by owners,  1,247; by part
owners, 229; by owners  and tenants, 84; by managers, 30; cash  ten-
ants, 231; share tenants, 816.
  Of the 2,637 farms reported in 1900, 90, or 3.4 per cent, were oper-
ated by colored persons.   Of these, 32 were cultivated by owners, 13
by part owners, 4 by owners  and tenants, 3 by managers, 15 by cash
tenants, 23 by  share tenants.
  In 1890 the valuation of farm lands and fences was $13,787,175; of
implements and machinery, $377,105; of live stock, $1,438,244.   The               
value  of  farming  products  was  estimated  for  the  year  1889  at
$1,571,220 and the cost of fertilizers at $5,417.    In 1900 the valuation
of farm lands and improvements (except buildings) was $10,929,480;
of implements and machinery, $395,310; of live stock, $1,627,545; of
buildings, $2,763,040.   The estimate of the farming products not fed
to live stock for the year 1899 was $2,894,185, the cost of fertilizers
$15,130, and of labor $219,720.     The  chief products  of the county,
according to the censuses for 1889-90  and 1899-1900, were as follows:

       PRINCIPAL FARM PRODUCTS OF GREENE COUNTY, 1889-90 AND 1899-1900.
                           CEREALS AND POTATOES.

                                          1889-90.              1899-1900.
              Products.             Bushels.    Acres.     Bushels.     Acres.

Barley ..........................      3,873     112           630         25
Buckwheat .......................        208      25           230         19
Indian corn......................  2,158,191  60,218     3,188,380     67,059
Oats ............................    258,873   8,253       107,780      3,298
Rye .............................      5,829     370         3,150        183
Wheat ...........................    705,180  46,100     1,015,980     60,111
Potatoes, Irish..................    156,817   2,077       103,934      1,456
Potatoes, sweet..................      1,992      24         3,716         65
                                   




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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