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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			

                      THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO.                                    1009

   PRINCIPAL FARM PRODUCTS OF GREENE COUNTY, 1889-90 AND 1899-1900--Concluded.
                          MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS.

                      Kind.                   Unit of        1889-1900      1899-1900
                                              measure.
                                             
Sorghum.....................................  Gallons......      1,162            640
Tobacco.....................................  Pounds.......    304,800        629,790
Apples......................................  Bushels......    198,009        121,265
Cherries....................................  Bushels......      2,147          3,053
Peaches.....................................  Bushels......      9,623            136
Pears.......................................  Bushels......      4,952          2,998
Plums and prunes............................  Bushels......        316            731
Milk........................................  Gallons......  3,064,012    a 4,592,470
Butter......................................  Pounds.......    786,220      a 943,512
Cheese......................................  Pounds.......        275        a 3,394
Honey.......................................  Pounds.......     31,337         19,230
Wax.........................................  Pounds.......        115            250
Eggs........................................  Dozen........    700,705        958,560
                              a 2,391 of the 2,637 farms reporting.
                         LIVE STOCK AND POULTRY.

                             Kind.                         June 1, 1890.   June 1, 1900.

Milch cows................................................   7,992            8,182
Other cattle..............................................  10,041           14,541
Horses....................................................  11,552           11,726
Mules and asses...........................................     250              247
Swine.....................................................  56,331           56,211
Sheep.....................................................  20,817           28,187
Chickens.................................................. 189,442          179,517
Turkeys...................................................   9,293            4,167
Geese.....................................................   2,821            2,378
Ducks.....................................................   6,774            3,084


  The value of the  miscellaneous vegetables raised  in  1899-1900 was
$45,815, there being 856 acres devoted to raising these products.  The
value of the orchard products was $53,126; of the poultry, $129,513;
of dairy products, $274,677.  From the sale of animals $636,344
was received, and  those  slaughtered  upon  the  farms  were  valued at
$106,609.
  There are  121  schoolhouses, having  209 rooms, in the county;  and
in these are employed 217 teachers.   The value of  school buildings is
$320,450, the salaries of  teachers  amount  to $87,801.32, and the total
expenditures for schools in 1901 amounted to $145,262.43.
   In 1803 the voting population of Greene County was 439 free white
males over 21 years of age, according to the official count in each
township at that time.  The first census by the United States was taken
in 1810.  For each census year since then the population by color, not
including the few Chinese and Indians reported at the censuses since
1870, was as follows:
               POPULATION OF GREENE COUNTY, BY COLOR, 1810 TO 1900.
                       Year.                             Whites.    Colored.   Total.
1810..................................................    5,834        36      5,870
1820..................................................   10,468        61     10,529
1830..................................................   14,639       162     14,801
1840..................................................   17,184       344     17,528
1850..................................................   21,292       654     21,946
1860..................................................   24,722     1,475     26,197
1870..................................................   24,199     3,815     28,014
1880..................................................   26,774     4,553     31,327
1890..................................................   25,750     4,060     29,810
1900..................................................   27,554     4,055     31,609




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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