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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			
1010          BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR.

                               XENIA.
  The city of Xenia is situated near the center of Greene County, of
which it is the county seat, 65 miles northeast of Cincinnati and 55
miles southwest of Columbus.  It was laid out in a forest in the autumn
of 1803, the same year Ohio was admitted into the Union.  Its first
inhabitants came principally from Kentucky.  The town grew slowly.
A  historian in 1838 described its population as those who "live well,
work hard, and are healthy, moral, and prosperous." In the main
this description would suit the present population of Xenia.
  Xenia is the center of trade for Greene County, though a consider-
able amount of trade goes to the larger cities of Dayton and Spring-
field, 19 1/2 and 19 miles away, respectively.  Its business directory
includes a number of large establishments.  The Cincinnati, Hamilton
and Dayton and the Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis
railways run through the city.  An electric line also connects the city
with Dayton.  There are two national banks, established respectively
in 1882 and 1883, each having a capital stock of $100,000.  Two
building and loan associations have done much in assisting in home
building.  One of these has a capital of $500,000, the other a capital
of $100,000.  One daily, one semiweekly, and two weekly newspapers
are published in Xenia, besides one monthly magazine.  Other busi-
nesses and occupations are as follows:(a) Dealers in agricultural imple-
ments, 3; architects, 2; bakeries, 4; barbers, 15; bicycle repairers, 2;
blacksmiths, 10; hotels, 5; boot and shoe dealers, 5; carriage dealers
and repairers, 5; dealers in carpets, 4; dealers in chinaware and glass-
ware, 2; cigar makers and dealers, 5; clothiers, 5; coal dealers, 8; con-
fectioners, 4; contractors, 7; cordage factories, 2; dry-goods dealers,
6; druggists, 5; lumber dealers, 5; express companies, 2; florists, 2;
fish dealers, 2; flour and grain dealers, 5; dealers in fruits, 2; furni-
ture dealers, 5; grocers, 35; house furnishers, 3; jewelers, 6; junk
dealers, 4; laundries, 3; livery stables, 6; meat markets, 7; tailors, 7;
milliners, 3; dealers in paints, 2; painters, 6; photographers, 4; print-
ers and publishers, 4; real estate dealers, 4; restaurants, 7; shoe-
makers, 6; telephone companies, 2; tinners, 3; undertakers, 6; wall-
paper dealers, 2; and the following of 1 each: General merchandise,
picture-frame dealer, dealer in bar fixtures, plumber, pork packer,
dealer in stoves and ranges, shoe manufactory, dealer in toys, dealer
in trees, trunk dealer, roofer, seller of washing machines, seller of
sewing machines, maker and seller of monuments, nursery, house
mover, artificial-limb factory, automobile factory, axle-grease factory,
billposter, bookstore, brewery, broker, cement contractor, electric-
light company, dealer in furnaces, and dealer in grass and grass seeds.
  a Taken from the city directory, only those which seem to be permanent being
given.




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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