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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			
                   THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO.                    1011

  There are 16 physicians, 31 attorneys, 6 dentists, 2 opticians, and 1
veterinary surgeon.
  The police department consists of the chief and 6 patrolmen; the
fire department of the chief and 11 men.  There are 7 mail carriers.
There are 7 public schools, 1 Catholic school, 1 Presbyterian Theo-
logical Seminary with an endowment of $150,000, and 31 lodges and
societies.  The churches are 5 Baptist, 4 Methodist, 3 Presbyterian,
1 Catholic, 1 Christian, 1 Episcopal, 1 Reformed, and 1 Lutheran, and
there is a Young Men's Christian Association.  The Ohio Soldiers and
Sailors' Orphans' Home, founded by the Department of Ohio of the
Grand Army of the Republic in 1868, is just at the city's limits.  It
has been supported by the State of Ohio since April 15, 1870.  About
900 children are in attendance, and the property consists of 297 acres
of land and 70 buildings.  The assessed value of all property is
$3,732,162, of which $2,229,620 is the valuation of personal property
and $1,502,542 the valuation of real estate.
  The following table shows the growth of the population of Xenia
since 1830:
                POPULATION OF XENIA, BY COLOR, 1830 TO 1900.

                   Year.                     White    Colored    Total.

1830 ........................................   902       17       919
1850 ........................................ 2,694      330     3,024
1860 ........................................ 3,856      802     4,658
1870 ........................................ 4,687    1,690     6,377
1880 ........................................ 5,077  a 1,949     7,026
1890 ........................................ 5,424  b 1,877     7,301
1900 ........................................ 6,705  c 1,991     8,696
                  a Including 3 Chinese and Japanese and  3 Indians.
                  b Including 3 Chinese and 6 Indians.
                  c Including 3 Chinese.

  This table shows that Xenia has had a steady but slow growth.    In
the antebellum days the colored population was very small, constituting
from 1.8 per cent in 1830 to 17.2 per cent of the entire population in
1860.  During the first two decades after the war the colored popula-
tion increased very rapidly and in 1880 was 1,949, or 27.7 per cent of
the entire population. Since 1880 the colored population has been at
somewhat of a standstill, being 1,877 in 1890 and 1,991 in 1900. It
now constitutes 22.9 per cent of the population of Xenia, which is the
largest per cent of any city in the State.
  The schedule of questions which follows was used in this investiga-
tion, and the canvass of each house was made in person by the investi-
gator during the months of May and June,  1902.  The schedule is
substantially the one used in the Farmville and Sandy Spring studies.
   1. Number of persons in the family?
   2. Relation of this person to the head of the family?
   3. Sex?
   4. Age at nearest birthday?
       14453--No. 48--03---3




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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