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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			
1012          BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR.

   5. Conjugal condition?
   6. How many times married?
   7. Place of birth? If in Ohio, give county.
   8. Length of residence in Xenia?
   9. Free before 1863? How long?
  10. Were parents free before 1863?
  11. Length of residence in this house?
  12. Able to read?
  13. Able to write?
  14. Grade when leaving school?
  15. Months in school last year?
  16. Usual occupation?
  17. Wages per day, week, or month?
  18. Weeks unemployed last year?
  19. Working for self?
  20. Worked at how many places last year?
  21. Worked at how many places in last five years?
  22. Worked at same place for five years or more?
  23. Mother of how many children, born living?
  24. Number of children living now?
  25. Where are such children now?
  26. Births in family during the year?
  27. Deaths in family during the year?
  28. Does family own this house?
  29. Does family own any other lands or houses?
  30. Value of all property owned by family?
  31. How long has family owned property?
  32. Rent paid?
  33. Kind and size of house?
  34. Church membership, or attendance?
  35. Complexion--black, brown, or light?
  As will be seen further on in this report all of the Negroes are not
included. In that section of the city commonly known as " East
End," that is, east of Fair street, between Columbus pike and the
tracks of the Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad,
only 9 white families live, the rest of the population being Negroes.
These latter with the few which were found in the one block west of
Fair street, from the pike to the railroad, constitute the subjects of
this inquiry. They form, according to the census of 1900, over 92
per cent of the Negro population of Xenia. The other 8 per cent are
scattered among the white people as servants and laborers.
  In the main there was but little trouble experienced in having the
questions answered.  In fact, if the spirit of the answers is an index
to their accuracy, the report is 99 per cent correct. Questions 18, 21,
and 22, however, were very hard to answer, and the results obtained
from them are of little value.      Questions 14 and 25 were finally
dropped from the list, the first because of the complications arising
out of the attendance of the older element and the younger rural
element at ungraded and partly graded schools; the second because in
a large number of cases the exact whereabouts of children could not
be told.




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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