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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			
                     THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO.                            1013

   For the other questions the answers were as satisfactory as might
be expected.

AGE, SEX, AND BIRTHPLACE OF NEGRO POPULATION.
   The total number of Negroes reported in this study is 1,832, just
 156 less than the number  given by the last census.    These 156, who
are perhaps left out, may be accounted for as living out of proximity
to the large settlement of Negroes.    In the 1,832 are included 2 cler-
gymen  (whose families are in Xenia)  who preach  out of the city,
 returning to it in the intervals between work; 2 men who go over to
Dayton to work but whose families and homes are in Xenia; also 8
white women, wives of colored men, and 1 white child adopted into a
Negro family, who thus share the economic and social life of Negroes,
and  are  for the  purpose of this study,  Negroes.    Of  the  1,832
reported, 870 are males and 962 females, a proportion of 1,106 females
to 1,000 males. (a)
   This excess of females is in accordance with the total Negro popu-
lation of the United States, which is 1,012 females to 1,000 males, and
the report for Sandy  Spring, which  gives  1,053,(b) and Farmville,
which gives 1,048.(b) The following table shows the number of Ne-
groes in Xenia by age periods and sex:
  NUMBER OF NEGROES IN XENIA FROM WHOM REPORTS WERE OBTAINED, BY AGE
                              PERIODS AND SEX, 1902.
                       Age periods.                        Males.   Females.  Total.
Under 1 year ..............................................  22       13        35
1 to 4 years ..............................................  56       56       112
5 to 9 years ..............................................  91       89       180
10 to 15 years ............................................  79      108       187
16 to 19 years ............................................  63       81       144
20 to 29 years ............................................ 149      168       317
30 to 39 years ............................................ 104      133       237
40 to 49 years  ........................................... 112      125       237
50 to 59 years  ...........................................  82      103       185
60 to 69 years ............................................  73       51       124
70 to 79 years ............................................  25       18        43
80 to 89 years ............................................   5        8        13
90 years or over ..........................................  ...       3         3
Age unknown ...............................................   9        6        15
     Total  ............................................... 870      962     1,832

   This distribution of the Xenia Negro population is compared with
that of Farmville and Sandy Spring, the colored population of the

  a This excess of females is not in accordance with the U. S. Census of 1900, which
showed 1,002 males and 986 females, or 984 females to every 1,000 males. There
was, however, an excess of females in 1890 and in 1880. In 1890 there were 901
males and 976 females, or a proportion of 1,083 females to 1,000 males. In 1880 the
proportion was 1,084 females to 1,000 males.  The proportion for the whole city in
1900 was 1,003 females to 1,000 males. The proportion may fluctuate greatly by the
shifting of only a few. See statistics on length of residence in Xenia, page 1015, for
proportion of moving last year.
   b Both Sandy Spring and Farmville would show a much greater excess of females
if all the persons included in those reports were counted. That for Sandy Spring
would be 1,143 and for Farmville about the same. See footnote, Bulletin of the
Department of Labor, No. 14, page 8.




			
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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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