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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			

1014               BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR.

United  States,  the  whole population  of  the  United  States, and  the
population of 3 foreign countries in the following table of percentages:
PER CENT IN DIFFERENT AGE  PERIODS OF NEGROES IN XENIA, IN  FARMVILLE, AND
       IN SANDY SPRING, AND OF TOTAL POPULATION IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES.
[The per cents for Xenia, Sandy Spring, and Farmville are computed from schedules; the others are
 taken from the United States censuses of 1890 and 1900, and Mayo-Smith's Statistics and Sociology.]

                                                                               Population of-
                                   Ne-    Colored popu-    Total popula-
                   Ne-    Ne-     groes   lation of the
                  groes   groes    of     United States.   tion of the                      
   Age periods.     of     of     Sandy       (b)          United States.
                  Xenia.  Farm-  Spring                                        Ger-    Ire-    France.
                   (a)    ville.   (a)    1890.  1900.(a)  1890.  1900.(a)     many.   land.

Under 10 years ...18.00   24.57   31.24   28.22   27.23   24.28   23.81        24.2     20.8     17.5
10 to 19 years ...18.22   26.86   24.97   25.18   23.37   21.70   20.63        20.7     23.4     17.4
20 to 29 years....17.45   15.35   12.31   17.40   19.35   18.25   18.29        16.2     16.2     16.3
30 to 39 years ...13.04    9.79    9.81   11.26   11.57   13.48   13.88        12.7     10.8     13.8
40 to 49 years ...13.04    8.32    8.44    7.89    8.15    9.45   10.16        10.4      9.8     12.3
50 to 59 years ...10.18    7.84    5.59    4.92    5.46    6.38    6.80         7.8      8.5     10.1
60 to 69 years ... 6.82    3.84    4.33    2.88    3.05    3.94    4.08         5.2      6.0      7.6
70 years or over.. 3.25    3.43    3.31    2.25    1.82    2.52    2.35         2.8      4.5      5.0
     Total ......100.00  100.00  100.00  100.00  100.00  100.00  100.00       100.00   100.00   100.00

             a Exclusive of age unknown.
              b Persons of Negro descent, Chinese, Japanese, and civilized Indians.
  The percentage of Negroes under 10 years of age and between 10
and 19 years of age, inclusive, is much smaller than that of either
Farmville, Sandy Spring, or the total colored population of the United
States.   For  the  ages  from  20  to 29 and  30  to 39, the  percentage is
nearer both that of the whole colored population and the total popu-
lation of the United States than either Farmville or Sandy Spring;
but from 40 to 49, 50 to 59, and 60 to 69, Xenia far exceeds the other
populations.
  The places of birth of the Xenia Negro population are as follows:
                        NATIVITY OF 1,832 NEGROES  OF XENIA.

                                    Fe-                                        Fe-  
      Place of birth.     Males.   males.  Total.   Place  of birth.  Males.  males.  Total.  

Xenia....................  328      357     685  Michigan ...........   5      3        8
Greene County, outside of                        Mississippi.........   3      7       10
 Xenia ..................   46       45      91  Missouri ...........   2      1        3
Ohio,  outside of Greene                         New York ...........  ...     1        1
 County..................  111      119     230  North Carolina .....  51     87      138
Alabama .................    3        3       6  Pennsylvania .......   2      8       10
Arkanas .................    4        1       5  South Carolina .....   5      2        7
Florida .................  ....       3       3  Tennessee ..........  19     14       33
Georgia .................    5        3       8  Virginia ...........  58     50      108
Illinois ................    4        1       5  West Virginia ......   4      1        5
Indiana .................   10       11      21  Canada..............  ...     2        2
Kentucky ................  202      226     428  Unknown ............   7     13       20
Louisiana ...............  ....       2       2
Maryland.................    1        2       3        Total ........ 870    962    1,832

  It is seen  that  685, or 37.4 per cent, were  born  in  Xenia;  91, or 5
per cent, were born outside of the city but in the county; and 230,
or 12.6 per cent, were born outside Greene County but in the State of
Ohio. Of the 685 born in the city, many have not lived there all of their
lives, but some have moved away one or more times for short periods
and have returned. There were 428 persons, or 23.4 per cent, born
in Kentucky, and 138, or 7.5 per cent, born in North Carolina. One
hundred and eight, or 5.9 per cent, were born in Virginia, and 33, or




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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