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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			
                   THE  NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO.                        1015

1.8 per cent, were born in Tennessee.  The remaining 119, or 6.5 per
cent, were, distributed through 15 States and Canada.  Of these, how-
ever, the birthplaces of 20 persons are reported as unknown.   A large
proportion of this part of Xenia's population is from the South, there
being 759, or 41.4 per cent of the whole.    Of these, 674, or 36.8 per
cent, were from Kentucky, North Carolina, and Virginia.    Of those
born in the North, 54.9 per cent were born in Ohio, and the remaining
3.7 per cent came from various other Northern States, from Canada,
and from points unknown.   Of course in all cases these people have
not come direct to Xenia from their places of birth.  This is true,
however, in a majority of cases.  There are but few reported as being
born in the large cities; but those born in Ohio came from  the sur-
rounding counties of Clinton, Clark, Highland, and Ross, and usually
from the country districts, or from  towns smaller than Xenia.    On
the other hand, many of those reported away from  Xenia, in answer
to question 25, were in the cities of Cincinnati, Dayton, Chicago, and
Cleveland.  The migrations seem, therefore, to be from the country
districts to the small town and then to the larger cities.
  As showing the permanency of the population, the following table
is instructive:
              LENGTH OF RESIDENCE OF XENIA NEGROES IN XENIA.

                   Period of residence.                Males.  Females.  Total.

Under 1 year..........................................  62       67       129
1 to 2 years..........................................  43       55        98
2 years...............................................  48       52       100
3 years...............................................  37       41        78
4 years...............................................  31       41        72
5 to 9 years.......................................... 123      106       229
10 to 19 years........................................ 186      226       412
20 to 29 years........................................ 143      154       297
30 to 39 years........................................ 131      149       280
40 to 49 years........................................  30       48        78
50 years or over......................................   9        6        15
Unknown or not reported...............................  27       17        44
    Total ............................................ 870      962     1,832

  One hundred and twenty-nine, or 7.2 per cent of those of known
period of residence, had lived in the city less than one year. Subtract-
ing from this number the 35 children born in Xenia and under 1 year of
age, the actual number of immigrants for the year is 94. Three hun-
dred and twenty-seven, or 18.3 per cent, had lived in the city less than
3 years; 477, or 26.7 per cent, less than 5 years; 1,082, or 60.5 per
cent, had lived in the city 10 years or over; 670, or 37.5 per cent, 20
years or over, while 15 persons (9 men and 6 women)  had lived in
Xenia 50 years or over.
  The percentage of Negroes who have lived in Xenia less than 3
years is greater than the percentage of the total Negro population
untler 10 years of age, being 18.3 in one case and 18 in the other.
The  large per cent of immigration in the past two years is due to the
great number of Negroes who  come  from  Caswell County,  N.  C.




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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