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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			
                    THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO.                             1019

  In the following table the conjugal condition of the Negroes of Xenia
over 20 years of age is compared with the conjugal condition of the
Negroes of Farmville and Sandy Spring, and with that of the entire
population of the United States:
CONJUGAL CONDITION OF THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OF FARMVILLE, OF SANDY SPRING,
            AND OF THE POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, BY SEX.
[The per cents for Xenia, for Farmville, and for Sandy Spring are computed from schedules; those
     for the United States are taken from the United States census reports for 1890 and 1900.]

                                    Per cent of males 20 years of  Per cent of females 20 years of
    Civil division.                         age or over.              age or over.
                                    Single.  Mar-   Wid-  Di       Single.  Mar-   Wid-   Di-
                                             ried.  owed. vorced.           ried.  owed.  vorced.

Xenia..............................  22.06   65.28  8.50  a 4.16   15.13    57.57  21.05  a 6.25
Farmville .........................  25.00   65.44  5.15  b 4.41   17.30    55.03  23.90  b 3.77
Sandy Spring ......................  15.35   76.72  4.23  b 3.70   14.36    69.31  13.86  b 2.47
United States:
   Native whites, native parents-- 
      1890 ........................  28.54   66.08  4.74   c .64   18.75    67.88  12.79   c .58
      1900 ........................  28.3    65.4   5.4    c .9    19.6     66.9   12.7    c .8
   Native whites, foreign parents-- 
      1890 ........................  48.82   48.65  2.25   c .28   34.83    58.76   6.02   c .39
      1900 ........................  43.7    52.9   2.9    c .5    31.9     60.4    7.1    c .6
   Foreign whites--
      1890 ........................  28.06   65.93  5.51   c .50   15.39    68.05  16.21   c .35
      1900 ........................  25.6    67.3   6.5    c .6    14.7     68.0   16.9    c .4
   Negroes--
      1890 ........................  25.01   69.02  5.40   c .57   15.71    65.02  18.41   c .86
      1900 ........................  26.4    65.5   7.0   c 1.1    17.4     62.5   18.8   c 1.3
        Total United States--
         1890 .....................  30.95   63.83  4.65   c .57   19.92    66.35  13.19   c .54
         1900 .....................  30.1    63.6   5.4    c .9    20.5     65.5   13.2    c .8

        a Including separated.    b Separated.        c Including unknown.

   There were 45 births among the Negroes of Xenia during the twelve
months preceding the investigation.   By reference to the table of age
periods it is seen that there were, at the time of counting, 35 children
under 1 year of age, which, subtracted from 45, gives 10 as the number
of infants dying under 1 year of age, or 22.2 per cent. This rate of
infant mortality, 222.2 per 1,000, is far in excess of the rate for the
country for children under 1 year of age, which is by the census of
1900, 165.4 per 1,000, as against 205.8 per 1,000 in 1890.   There were
reported 44 deaths in all, 1 less than the total number of births reported,
which shows that but for the constant immigrations the Negro popula-
tion of Xenia would be increasing but slowly.    This would show a rate
of 24 per 1,000.   The official statistics of Ohio reported for the year
ending March, 1900, 51 deaths among Negroes in Greene County, which
would be at the rate of 12.6 per 1,000.  The same  statistics gave 297
deaths for the whole county, or 9.4 deaths for each 1,000 inhabitants.
The  principal diseases of which Negroes die are consumption  and
pneumonia.
   Three defective children were reported, 8 illegitimate children under
10 years of age, and 1 inmate of the insane asylum. There were 8
cases of intermarriage between whites and Negroes, in each of which
a Negro man had married a white woman.     One of these, however, is




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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