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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			

                     THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO.                              1021

the almost uniform attendance of the Negro children of Xenia between
those ages.   Those who have not attended are those who have not long
been in the city, and the  defective.    The  following table shows  the
attendance by age and sex:
                     SCHOOL ATTENDANCE, BY AGE AND SEX.
                                      Males.         Females.         Total.
              Age.               Popula-   In      Popula-  In      Popula-     In
                                  tion.  school.    tion.   school.  tion.    school.
5 years ........................   20                20     .....     40      .....
6 years ........................   18      8         18       5       36       13
7 years ........................   15     12         17      16       32       28
7 years ........................   15     12         17      16       32       28
8 years ........................   20     19         18      17       38       36
9 years ........................   18     18         16      14       34       32
10 years .......................   10     10         10       9       20       19
11 years  ......................   11     11         18      18       29       29
12 years .......................   12     11         29      28       41       39
13 years .......................   18     18         17      17       35       35
14 years .......................   11     11         17      17       28       28
15 years .......................   17     17         17      14       34       31

    Total ......................  170    135        197     155      367      290
16 to 20 years .................   71     26         93      38      164       64

    Grand total ................  241    161        290     193      531      354


  According to the school board report, there were 290 Negro pupils
in the elementary schools and 72 in the high school, making a total of
362 Negro children in school in the whole city.    Though no separate
account is kept for the detailed expenses of each school, an estimate
of the annual expenses is given by the superintendent of schools for
the two schools generally attended by Negroes. According to this
estimate, the salaries of 8 teachers of the East Market street school
amounted to $3,550; salary of janitors, $480; cost of coal and supplies,
$400; total, $4,430.     In the East Main street school the salaries of 4
teachers amounted to $3,250; salary of janitor, $240; cost of coal and
supplies, $100; total, $3,590. The total expenses of both schools
amounted to $8,020. This is about $22.15 expended for each pupil, as
against $1,316.47 for 221 pupils, or $5.96 per pupil in Sandy Spring.
Separated according to schools, the expenses for Xenia are $49.86 per
pupil in the high school and $15.28 per pupil in the elementary school.
  The school attendance is shown by the following table:

    LENGTH OF SCHOOL, ATTENDANCE OF CHILDREN, BY SEX AND AGE PERIODS.

                             6 to 15 years of age, inclusive.  16 to 20 years of age, inclusive.
      School attendance.
                             Males.   Fe-    Total.  Per         Males  Fe-     Total    Per
                                     males.         cent.               males.           cent.
                                       
Under 3 months..............  1       2        3    1.06         .....    2       2      3.70
3 months....................  3       9       12    4.26         ............................
6 months.................... 34      43       77   27.30           4     10      14     25.93
9 months ................... 89     101      190   67.38          19     19      38     70.37
Not reported ...............  8     .....      8   .....           3      7      10     .....
    Total ..................135     155      290  100.00          26     38      64    100.00




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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