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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			

1022               BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR.

  Compared with Farmville and Sandy Spring, Xenia shows quite a
contrast in the attendance of children from 6 to 15 years of age,  inclu-
sive.   In Xenia, 89 per cent of the children of these ages, or 290 out of
327, were reported as attending school; 155 girls out of 177, or 88 per
cent, and 135 boys  out of 150, or 90 per cent.   In  Sandy Spring, 206
children  of this  age period, or 71  per cent, atttended school.    These
were 92 boys out of 133, or 69 per cent, and 114 girls out of 157, or 73
per cent.  In Farmville, 204 out of 325 children of these ages, or about
63 per cent, attended  school.    Of these 118 were boys, or 63 per cent
of the 172 boys between 6 and  15 years of age, and 96 girls out of 153
girls, or 63 per cent.    The length of school attendance in Xenia is still
very much  longer  for each  pupil than  in either  Farmville  or Sandy
Spring.    The compulsory school  law of  course  has  much to do with
this better showing for Xenia.
  From  the  high  school  there  have  been  graduated  in the  past  23
years 194 students, 74 males and 120 females.    Some of these are filling
places of trust in the county and elsewhere.     Most of the teachers are
graduates of Xenia high  school.    Of 1,119 persons reporting, 96 over
19 years of age, or 8.6 per cent, were  graduates of the  high  school,
and  276 had attended  it.    The  following table shows  the  degree  of
illiteracy, by  sex and age  periods:

              LITERATES AND ILLITERATES, BY SEX AND AGE PERIODS.

                                     Able to
        Sex and age periods.         read and      Able to    Illiterate.   Not report-      Total.
                                     write.        read.                       ed.

              MALES.                                       
10 to 20 years .....................   150         ................................           150
21 to 30 years .....................   144           3           2              1             150
31 to 40 years .....................    93           9         ......          13             115
41 years or over ...................   169          21          84              3             277
Age unknown ........................     3         .....         4              2               9

     Total males ...................   559          33          90             19             701
Per cent (a) ....................... 81.96        4.84       13.20            .....        100.00

          FEMALES.
10 to 20 years .....................   196         .....         3              2             201
21 to 30 years .....................   170           2           3             10             185
31 to 40 years .....................   111           2           6            .....           119
41 years or over . ....                156          34          92             11             293
Age unknown  .......................     2         .....         2              2               6

    Total females ..................   635          38         106             25             804
Per cent (a)  .................. ... 81.51        4.88       13.61            .....        100.00

      BOTH SEXES. 
10 to 20 years .....................   346         .....         3              2             351
21 to 30 years .....................   314           5           5             11             335
31 to 40 years .....................   204          11           6             13             234
41 years or over ...................   325          55         176             14             570
Age unknown ................... ....     5         .....         6              4              15
    Total both sexes ............... 1,194          71         196             44           1,505
Per cent both sexes (a) ............ 81.72        4.86       13.42            .....        100.00

                           a Not including those not reporting.

  Of the 1,461 reporting, 81.72 per cent could read and write and 4.86
per cent couuld read only, while 13.42 (a) per cent could neither read nor

  a This would be lower still but for the recent immigrants previously referred to.




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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