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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			

 1024                 BULLETIN OF THE BUREAU OF LABOR.

                   OCCUPATIONS BY SEX AND AGE PERIODS--Concluded.

             Occupations.             10 to 15  16 to 20  2l to 30  31 to 40 41 years Age un- Total.
                                       years.   years.    years.     years.   or over. known.  

          MALES--concluded.
Painter  .............................................      1       .........................   1
Peddlers ..................................................................      2     ......   2
Physicians .....................................................       1         1     ......   2  
Policeman ......................................................       1      ...............   1
Porters .....................................     5         6          3         3     ......  17
Restaurant keepers ...................................      1       .......      2     ......   3
Shoemakers ...........................................      1       .......      2     ......   3
Soldiers (a) ................................     1         5       .........................   6
Soldiers, retired .........................................................     48     ......  48                                                                  .........
Stone masons ...................................................       2         3     ......   5
Stove repairers ................................................       1         1     ......   2
Stenographer .........................................      1       .........................   1
Tailor ...............................................      1       .........................   1
Teamsters and drivers ..............     1        2         7          6        19     ......  35
Teachers .......................................................       2         1     ......   3
Undertakers ...............................................................      2     ......   2
Upholsterer ...............................................................      l     ......   1
Waiters  ....................................     4         4       .........................   8
Whitewashers and calciminers .........................      4          2         5     ......  11
Not reported ...................................................      11         5        1    17
At home (b) .................................     3         5          1         1        1    11
At school (b) ......................    71       14         2          1      ...............  88

     Total males ...................    79       71       150        115       277        9   701


          FEMALES.
                                        
Boarding house keeper .....................................................      1     ......   1
Cooks  ......................................     3        13          8        10     ......  34
Day workers ........................     2       12        23         11        31        1    80
Dish washers in hotel ..............     1        2       ...................................   3                                     
Domestic servants ..................     2        5        11          8         6     ......  32
Dyer of clothes ...........................................................      1     ......   1
Evangelist ................................................................      1     ......   1                     
Forewoman.............................................      1       .........................   1
Gardener...................................................................      1     ......   1
Hair dressers ...............................     1         1       .........................   2
Housewives ..................................    20        81         54       132        1   288
Ice cream maker ...........................................................      1     ......   1
Laundresses .................................     2        13         26        44        2    87
Matron ....................................................................      1     ......   1      
Merchants ............................................      2          1      ...............   3
Milliner .............................................      1       .........................   1
Music teachers .................................................       1      .......     1     2
Nurses ..............................    1        1         2       .......      5     ......   9
Pensioners ................................................................     16     ......  16
Seamstresses ................................     1         4          6         9     ......  20
Teachers.....................................     1        10          4         2     ......  17
Not reported ................................     1         5       .......     13        1    20
At home .............................    1       18        17       .......     19     ......  55
At school (c)  ......................  101       26         1       ......................... 128

     Total females...................  108       93       185        119       293        6   804

  a Soldiers just returned from service in Philippines.  They have not done any regular work since
being discharged.
  b Only those who are not engaged in gainful occupations.
  c Only those who are not engaged in gainful occupations are included in the number "at school."
Those who go to school but also work are given in this table under their occupation.

   According to the usual classification, the Negroes of Xenia are
engaged in gainful occupations as follows: In professional occupa-
tions, 35; in domestic, 474; in commercial, 106; in agricultural, 4
in industrial, 179.  There were 634 over 10 years of age not engaged
in gainful occupations, namely, 48 old soldiers who live chiefly upon
the pensions allowed them by the Government, 288 housewives who
attend solely to their household duties, 216 children in school and not
otherwise employed, 66 persons at home, idle, or dependent, and 16
women, also housewives, who are supported chiefly by Government
pensions.  There were  37 whose occupations were not reported.




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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