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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			
                   THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO.                    1031

  The following table shows the number of possible, real, and economic
Negro families of Xenia according to size:

                    NUMBER OF NEGRO FAMILIES, BY SIZE.

  Size of family    The possible family.    The real family.       The economic
                                                                      family.
                    Families.  Persons.    Families.  Persons.   Families.  Persons.

1 members.........       6         6           39        39          51        51
2 members.........      82       164          137       274         112       224
3 members.........      82       246          113       339         125       375
4 members.........      81       324           79       316          72       288
5 members.........      61       305           43       215          64       320
6 members.........      40       240           40       240          32       192
7 members.........      31       217           33       231          15       105
8 members.........      35       280           20       160          13       104
9 members.........      19       171            8        72           7        63
10 members........      21       210            5        50           6        60
11 members........      17       187            1        11           1        11
12 members........      14       168            4        48           1        12
13 members........      10       130            3        39           1        13
14 members........      16       224       ...................        1        14
15 members........       3        45       ......................................
16 members........       2        32       ......................................
17 members........       4        68       ......................................
18 members........       2        36       ......................................

     Total........     526     3,053          525     2,034         501     1,832
  Average.................      5.80       .......     3.87        ......    3.66





  The average economic family is 3.66 members, while the average
real family is 3.87 members, and  the possible family 5.80 members.
These figures are below those of Farmville and Sandy Spring.    The
average for Farmville was 10.79 persons for each possible family, 5.03
persons for the real family, and 4.61 persons for the economic family.
For Sandy Spring the averages were 7.31, 5.65, and 4.29 members,
respectively, for the possible, real, and economic families; or, leaving
out " 65 persons, mostly women  in domestic service," the averages
for Sandy Spring are 7.78, 6.13, and 5.42, respectively.          The average
family in the United States, according to the census of 1900, has 4.7
members, while that of Greene County has 4.3 members.  The  census
family corresponds very closely to the economic  family, as used in
this schedule.  Hence we see that the Negro family of Xenia is a
little more than 0.6 person smaller than the average family of the
county.    There are in Xenia 51 economic families of I person each.
These are mostly single persons separated from their homes, or wid-
owed persons living alone. More than half of the families are less
'than 4 members, and less than one-fiftieth have 10 members or over.
  The following table shows the relative sizes of Negro families in
Xenia, Farmville, and Sandy Spring, and of the total families of the
United States.




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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