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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			
                   THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO.                     1035

   The following table shows the estimated income of the Negroes of
Xenia.  The figures are approximately correct for money wages.

         NUMBER OF FAMILIES, BY SIZE OF FAMILY AND ANNUAL INCOME.

{Table}

   Forty-four families are not reported.  Out of 457 who reported 5
had incomes of less than $50 per year,  These were 2 families of 1
each, one an old man living alone, who is generally sick and whose
only income is from the rental of a little shanty at $3 per month and
an odd job now and then. He is, in a large measure, supported by his
neighbors.  The other is an old woman of poor health.  Two families
of 2 each have less than $50, one consisting of a woman over 90
years old, and her son, over 60 years old. These two are too feeble
to do much work and live in the back yard of one of the Negro
churches, of which they have the care.  The other is one old couple.
The family of 3 having less than $50 income is an old couple hav-
ing an adopted son who is defective.  There are 18 families whose
incomes amount to $1,000 or over, but in only 3 of these cases is the
income that of the head of the family alone; in the others it is the
aggregate of the wages of from 2 to 7 members of the family.
  Of the 457 famnilies reporting, 31, or 6.8 per cent, made incomes of
not more than $100 per year, as against 27 out of 253 families, or 10.7
per cent, for Farmville; and 9 out of 164 families, or 5.5 per cent, for
Sandy Spring.  In Xenia 114 families, or 24.9 per cent, received
between $100 and $250 per year, while there were 34.8 per cent in
Farmville and 61 per cent in Sandy Spring. In Xenia those who
received from $250 to $750 were 266 families, or 58.2 per cent, as
against 52.2 per cent in Farmville and 33.5 per cent in Sandy Spring.
There were in Xenia 46 families, or 10.1 per cent, having a total
income of $750 or more.  In Farniville there were 6 families, or 2.3
per cent, receiving this amount, while in Sandy Spring there were
none.  The aggregate income is estimated at about $175,0()0  per
annum or about $350 per family.  This represents income from wages




			
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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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