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"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor
			

                      THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO.                  1037

  The following budgets are estimates  by  the  families  giving them.
The first represents the poorest class of the Xenia Negro.    This family
callle to Xenia in the fall of  1901  from North Carolina.     A  son  had
come and  had succeeded  in  securing  good  employment.     He wrote
home for the family to come.     The  mother  and  father, aged 70 and
73  years, respectively, came, and with them a sister, her  husband and  5
children, and  1 adopted  child.    They  all moved  into the extreme,
eastern part of the city, and the family of 11 occupied a small three-room
house.   In a short while  a twelfth member of  this  family was born,
but lived only eight days.   In a  few  months the son,  whose encour-
agement had brought this family to Xenia, died also.     With the com-
ing of spring smallpox broke out among them, and for nearly two
months the house was quarantined.  They all recovered, however.
only two in this family, which  now  numbers 10, can  red  and write,
one of whom is a girl 12 years old.  When the investigator went to
this house  he was  mistaken  for the  truant officer', and, without wait-
ing to learn his mission, the acting head of the house asserted that she
had lawful reasons for not sending her children to school,  which  rea-
sons were in part the above story.  These children were four girls
16, 12, 12, and  10 respectively,  and  one  boy 6 years of age.   This
family sold the  little place  they  owned  in  North  Carolina, together
with their horse, hogs, corn, tobacco, household  furniture,  and  farm-
ing implements for $460.     After  paying all debts and expenses of
moving, etc., they arrived in Xenia with $270.20.

 EXTIMATED INCOME AND EXPENDITURE FOR 39 WEEKS OF FAMILY OF 11 PERSONS.

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OHS Archives/Library Pamphlet Collection

"The Negroes of Xenia, Ohio: A Social Study (1830-1900)." Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor

R.

Issue Number:  48


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