THE NEGROES OF XENIA, OHIO. 1037
The following budgets are estimates by the families giving them.
The first represents the poorest class of the Xenia Negro. This family
callle to Xenia in the fall of 1901 from North Carolina. A son had
come and had succeeded in securing good employment. He wrote
home for the family to come. The mother and father, aged 70 and
73 years, respectively, came, and with them a sister, her husband and 5
children, and 1 adopted child. They all moved into the extreme,
eastern part of the city, and the family of 11 occupied a small three-room
house. In a short while a twelfth member of this family was born,
but lived only eight days. In a few months the son, whose encour-
agement had brought this family to Xenia, died also. With the com-
ing of spring smallpox broke out among them, and for nearly two
months the house was quarantined. They all recovered, however.
only two in this family, which now numbers 10, can red and write,
one of whom is a girl 12 years old. When the investigator went to
this house he was mistaken for the truant officer', and, without wait-
ing to learn his mission, the acting head of the house asserted that she
had lawful reasons for not sending her children to school, which rea-
sons were in part the above story. These children were four girls
16, 12, 12, and 10 respectively, and one boy 6 years of age. This
family sold the little place they owned in North Carolina, together
with their horse, hogs, corn, tobacco, household furniture, and farm-
ing implements for $460. After paying all debts and expenses of
moving, etc., they arrived in Xenia with $270.20.
EXTIMATED INCOME AND EXPENDITURE FOR 39 WEEKS OF FAMILY OF 11 PERSONS.