THE BALKAN REVOLUTION
POSSIBLY because the war cloud burst so suddenly
most people have very confused ideas both as to
the causes leading up to and the elements in-
volved in the war. A very clear and instructive
account is given by Prof. M. I. Pupin, of Colum-
bia University, in the New York Times, a part
of which follows:
The Balkan revolution is a struggle against
the military feudalism of the Ottoman Empire and all its concomitant
evils; and it is also an armed protest against any European power
which may refuse to recognize the great principle, that the Creator
has endowed the Balkan races with certain unalienable rights, among
which are life, liberty and the pursuits of happiness.
The Balkan races, that is, the Serbs, the Bulgarians and the
Greeks, have always known, as their national ballads testify, that their
kingdoms of the fourteenth century fell because they did not present
a united front against the invading Moslems. Even the Moslem him-
self understood this, because it is a well-known saying among them:
Allah, Allah, do not unite the Giaours!
Five hundred years of oppression and suffering have taught the
Balkan Giaours a lesson, and they have united. The irresistible
power of their united action has demonstrated that the Turk was
right when he prayed, Allah, Allah, do not unite the Giaours!
Military feudalism and all its concomitant evils are at an end
in European Turkey, destroyed by the sword, just as it was estab-
lished and maintained by the sword. There was no other way of rid-
ding Europe of this abominable pest.
The first task of the Balkan revolution has been performed, and
the time has now arrived for the performance of its second task. It