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Higher Criticism
			
             THE HIGHER CRITICISM.              113



                          I.
           THE HIGHER CRITICISM.

  [Prepared at request of Preachers' Meeting by Bishop B. T. TANNER.]

  WHAT is meant by the Higher Criticism? As an
answer to this question, we cannot do better than
quote Professor Samuel Ives Curtiss, D.D. He says:
"As is well known, there are two kinds of Biblical
criticism in the language of the schools-LOWER and
HIGHER. The lower criticism has to do with the state
of the text; the higher with the question of author-
ship." As defined by Kuenen, Higher Criticism is an
"attempt to find a hypothesis that accounts for the
documents, and if several such hypotheses present
themselves, the selection of the one which appears on
comparison to have the greatest probability in its favor."
With the definition of these two eminent authorities
substantially agree all others of equal or lesser note.
  It is with Higher Criticism, as defined by Professor
Curtiss, that we prefer to deal. Not that the defini-
tion of Dr. Kuenen in any sense conflicts or differs-
it only seems to make more general what both accept
as the legitimate field of all such higher work. It is
then with the writers or authors of the books of the
Bible that Higher Criticism has to do. Abstractly,
none can object to such criticism, if only it be lawfully
pursued and does not call too largely upon the imagina-
tion or powers of belief. Unfortunately, however, this
is not the case, if we are to believe those able critics of
the Church who are set for the defense of the Word--
among whom stands none higher, in so far as American
scholarship is concerned, than the learned Dr. Howard
Osgood. " This criticism," says he, " denies the super-




			
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African Methodist Episcopal Church Review, Vol. 10, Num. 1

Higher Criticism

T.

Volume:  10
Issue Number:  01
Page Number:  113
Date:  07/1893


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