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Black Brigade of Cincinnati: Being a Report of Its Labors and a Muster-Roll of Its Members; Together with Various Orders, Speeches, Etc. Relating to It.
			

4                    THE BLACK BRIGADE.

sulting frequently in loss of life, and always in the destruc-
tion of property. It is true that anti-slavery speakers have at
times been allowed free utterance; but Cincinnati is a commer-
cial as well as a pro-slavery city. Abolition buyers from the
North and slaveholding buyers from the South jostle each
other in her streets; hence the influential classes maintained
free speech to conciliate Abolition customers, while the rabble
were permitted to mob colored people to placate slaveholders.
Even this balance was broken when the traitor Yancey spoke
for disunion in a thronged house, and without interruption,
while Wendell Phillips, speaking for the Union, was driven
from the same platform by mob violence, and halls were closed,
lest a lecture by Henry Ward Beecher should provoke a riot.
  Such was the state of the public mind when the siege of Cin-
cinnati begun. The raid of John Morgan in July, and defeat
of the Union forces at Richmond, Kentucky, August 30, had
given warning of impending danger. Various calls were made
by the authorities for the citizens to prepare for defense. Regi-
ments had been organized for drill, and a large part of the peo-
ple were filled with martial ardor. The colored people paid no
attention to these calls, because they did not feel themselves
addressed in them.
  There is an ellipsis universal in American writing or speak-
ing. When an American writes, "All men are created free and
equal," he means all white men. When he solicits the patron-
age of the public for his book, his lecture, his concert, his store,
his railroad-car or steamboat, he means the white public.  The
colored people have long since come to understand this fact,
and to act upon it. It was most bitterly and insultingly im-
pressed upon their memories when, in the great outburst of
indignant patriotism, all the North rushed to arms to avenge
the fall of Sumter. They, too, desired to maintain the suprem-
acy of the violated Constitution, for they hoped that some day
the American people would remember that it was ordained "to
secure the blessings of liberty;" they, too, had hopes centered in
that flag; they, too, had homes to defend against the ravages
 of war. A meeting of the colored citizens of Cincinnati was
 called, to organize a company of "Home Guards."  They did
 not propose to invade the South, but merely desired to aid in




			
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Black Brigade of Cincinnati: Being a Report of Its Labors and a Muster-Roll of Its Members; Together with Various Orders, Speeches, Etc. Relating to It.

H.


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