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Handbook, 1909
			


                         A. M. E. Church.                             143

  But  aside  from  the  expense  of  Negro  teachers, what  is the
additional cost of the Negro public schools?  This additional cost can-
not be accurately determined from the data now available.  But South
Carolina, Florida. Alabama, Mississippi and Texas-five States-report
the total cost of Negro schools. In these States the additional cost
of Negro schools above the cost of teachers is as follows:  South
Carolina, 1.3 per cent of total expenditures; Florida, 5.3 per cent; Ala-
bama, 1.5 per cent;  Mississippi 4.2 per cent;  Texas, 2.2 per cent.
These figures indicate that between 2 and 3 per cent of the total ex-
penditures for public schools in the South is being devoted to the
Negro schools above the cost of Negro teachers. This means that
about $917,670 is to be added to the cost of Negro teachers to get the
entire cost of the Negro public schools in the South. The aggregate
cost of the Negro public schools is, therefore, near $4,736,375, or 14.8
per cent of all expenditures. The significance of these figures is that,
while the Negro race has, at least, 40 per cent of the children to edu-
cate, not quite 15 per cent of the money expended on public educa-
tion is being devoted to their schools.
  It is generally assumed in the discussion of the cost of
the Negro public schools, that the white race bears all the cost or
nearly all; that the Negroes of the South are truly the white man's
burden when it comes to paying the bills for public education. Much
of this unseasoned talk reminds me  of the North  Carolina farmer
who was in the habit of asserting on all occasions that he could live
and get along so much better if it were not for his large and oppres-
sive doctor bills.  But the doctor declared at the next term of court



			
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OHS/National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center Pamphlet Collection

Handbook, 1909


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