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Handbook, 1909
			


144                       Hand Book 1909.

on oath, that this chronic complainer had not paid him a cent in
fifteen years, and that he was the only doctor in the community.
  And this brings me directly to the main inquiry: Is the Negro
public school of the South a burden on the white taxpayer?
  First. Is the Negro public school of Virginia a burden on the
white taxpayer of that State? (a) The State Auditor for 1908 re-
ports the total assessed value of Virginia property at $702,503,778,
divided as follows:  Listed by whites, $521,612,627, or 74.3 per cent;
listed by railroads and other corporations, $155,262,815, or 22.1 per
cent; listed by Negroes, $25,628,326, or 3.6 per cent. Thus it will
be seen that the State of Virginia does not assess 22.1 per cent of
its property as either white or black. This is a fact worth remember-
ing in any discussion of this question. On page 14, Advanced Sheets,
State Superintendent's Report, 1907, it is said that Virginia raised
for public schools during that year the sum of $3,473,048, of which
amount $2,855,871 was raised by State and local taxation, while $450,-
000 was directly appropriated out of the State Treasury. The income
of the literary fund was $60,127, leaving the sum of $107,050 raised
from other sources. If we assume that the $450,000 directly appro-
priated to the schools was raised by taxation then Virginia raised
by taxation for schools in 1907, $3,305,871. Bear with me then, while
I set forth what I conceive to be the part the Negro should have of
this school fund, if we assume that it is to be divided on the color
line and not on the basis of the actual needs of the children to be
educated.
  (b) The Negroes pay something like $120,000 school poll taxes, after
deducting insolvents and commissions.        It is fair to  assume  that
some of the literary fund income belongs to Negroes, but what part?
This fund is neither white nor black. It was not created by white
property. Negroes constitute 36 per cent of the population of Vir-
ginia, they should be given 36 per cent of the income of the literary
fund which amounts to $21,649. The 10 cents State school tax on
Negro property after deducting commissions amounted to at least
$22,500 more.  The 10 cents State school tax on the $155,262,815 rail-
road and other corporation property would not all, in fairness, belong
to the white children. Not many of us, I think, would after the last few
years of agitation, charge the railroads and other corporations with
being altogether white. 36 per cent of the proceeds of the 10 cents
State school tax Virginia levies should be given the Negro schools. This
would add about $50,000 more to the Negro school fund.
  Now we must consider the $1,913,760 raised by Virginia cities, coun-
ties and districts. If this sum were all raised by property taxation,
and we shall so assume, then 3.6 per cent of it was raised on Negro




			
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OHS/National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center Pamphlet Collection

Handbook, 1909


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