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Handbook, 1909
			


                        A. M. E. Church.                          167

etc. It should not be used on metal. It is extremely poisonous,
and has no color or odor; great care must be exercised in its use.
  Carbolic acid in 3 per cent or 5 per cent solution in water is most
effective. This is poisonous, but its strong odor reveals its presence.
It may be mixed with typhoid discharges; soiled bedding may be
soaked in this solution before boiling.
  Chloride of lime, 6 ounces to a gallon of water, is excellent in
scrubbing floors.
  For disinfecting a room after the patient has left, formaldehyde is
most efficient. This does not injure fabrics, furniture or hangings.
This is usually used under the direction of an officer of the board of
health. It is exceedingly poisonous.
  Do not buy disinfectants about which you know nothing.
  Sulpho-naphthol  is excellent to use about the kitchen sink.  A
little in the water in which wounds, scratches, etc., are washed, will
prevent infection.


                           STANDARD TIME.
  A standard of time was established by mutual agreement in 1883,
primarily for the convenience of the railroads, by which trains are
run and local time regulated. According to this system, the United
States, extending from 65 deg. to 125 deg. west longitude, is divided
into four time sections, each 15 deg. of longitude, exactly equivalent
to one hour, commencing with the 75th meridian. The first (Eastern)
section includes all territory between the Atlantic coast and an irreg-
ular line drawn from Detroit to Charleston, S. C., the latter being its
most southern point. The second (Central) section includes all the
territory between the last-named line and an irregular line from Bis-
marck, N. D., to the mouth of the Rio Grande. The third (Mountain)
includes all territory between the last-named line and nearly the
western borders of Idaho, Utah and Arizona. The fourth (Pacific)
section covers the rest of the country to the Pacific coast.
   Standard time is uniform inside each of these sections, and the
time of each section differs from that next to it by exactly one hour.
Thus at 12 noon in New York city (Eastern time), the time at Chica-
go (Central time), is 11 a. m., at Denver (Mountain time,) 10 o'clock
a. m., and at San Francisco (Pacific time), 9 o'clock a. m. Stan-
dard time is 16 minutes slower at Boston than true local time, 4 min-
utes slower at New York, 8 minutes faster at Washington, 19 minutes
faster at Charleston, 28 minutes slower at Detroit, 18 minutes faster at
Kansas City, 10 minutes slower at Chicago, 1 minute faster at St.
Louis, 28 minutes faster at Salt Lake City, and 10 minutes faster at
San Francisco.




			
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OHS/National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center Pamphlet Collection

Handbook, 1909


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