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Handbook, 1909
			


168                       Hand Book 1909.

                         THE PENSION ROLL.
  The number of pensioners on the government roll at the close of
the fiscal year 1908 was 951,686; one year before there were 967,371.
During the fiscal year 1908, 38,682 were added to the roll and 54,366
were dropped, a net loss of 15,684. The most pensioners at any one
time was 1,004,196, on January 31, 1905.  The  net decrease since
then is 52,509.
  The survivors of the Civil War on the pension roll June 30, 1908,
numbered 620,985, a decrease during the year of 23,383. The num-
ber dropped because of death during the year was 34,333.
  The amount paid out for pensions during the fiscal year 1908 was
the largest since the organization of the pension bureau, $153,093,-
086.


                 McCUMBER SERVICE PENSION LAW.
  In 1904 President Roosevelt directed that when a claimant has passed
62 years pension examiners should consider him disabled one-half
in ability to perform manual labor and he should be rated as entitled
to $6 a month. It was further ordered that at 65 the rate should be
$8, after 68, $10 and after 70, $12, the full rate for disability. The Mc-
Cumber service pension law goes a little further. It abolishes all
classes and awards a pension of $12 after 62 years, $15 after 70
and $20 after 75.


                          WEST POINT.
  Cadets to the United States Military academy in West Point, N.
Y., are appointed annually. The provisions regulating the appoint-
ments state that "each senator, congressional district and territory,
also the District of Columbia and Porto Rico, is entitled to have one
cadet at West Point."  Appointees to the military academy must be
between 17 and 21 years old, free from any infirmity which
may render them unfit for military service, and able to pass a care-
ful examination in reading, writing, spelling, English grammar, Eng-
lish composition, English literature, arithmetic, algebra through quad-
ratic equations, plane geometry, descriptive geography and the ele-
ments of physical geography, especially the geography of the United
States, United States history, the outlines of general history and the
general principles of physiology and hygiene; or, in lieu thereof,
to submit a certificate of graduation from a public high school or
state normal school, or a certificate that the candidate is a regular
student of an incorporated college or university. The academic




			
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OHS/National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center Pamphlet Collection

Handbook, 1909


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