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Handbook, 1909
			


                       A. M. E. Church.                          181

of Negro teachers the South is paying $917,670 yearly, which makes
the aggregate cost of Negro schools $4,736,375. These figures relate
to the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia,
Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisana, Texas, Arkansas and Tennes-
see. This territory embraces eighty-four and four-tenths per cent of the
entire Negro population of the country.
  The Negro population in these several states constitute forty per
cent of the total population of the states named. Hence, observes
the Superintendent of Education, "the Negro school teachers who have
charge of about forty out of every one hundred of the children of
the South, are being paid only twelve per cent of the school ex-
penditures.   The total cost of all the Negro schools is only 14.8 per
cent of the $32,068,851 expended. In other words the white public
schools in the South, which take care of only 60 per cent of the popula-
tion, as between six and seven times as expensive as the Negro public
schools, which take care of 40 per cent of the population."
  The author goes further and takes the States of Virginia, North
Carolina and Georgia and ascertains from records that the Negroes
actually pay on the property and polls and their share of railroad
taxes and corporations more to the permanent school fund than is
devoted to the education of Negro children.
  Let us study figures for a moment, for the year 1907:

                              Virginia.

Negro taxes collected...................................... $507,305
 Appropriations to Negro schools ..........................  489,228

 Excess of taxes over amount appropriated ................. $ 18,077

                           North Carolina.
 Negro taxes collected .................................... $429,197
 Appropriations to Negro schools ..........................  402,658

 Excess of taxes over amount appropriated ..................$ 26,539

                               Georgia.
 Negro taxes collected    ................................  $647,852
 Appropriated to Negro schools ...........................   506,170

 Excess of taxes over amount appropriated ................  $141,682

 That is in three states, namely, Virginia, North Carolina and Geor-
 gia, the Negro pays in actual cash for school taxes over and above
 amount appropriated to the education of his children $186,298. Do
 these figures show that the Negro is a burden? We need not answer
 our question; the facts speak for themselves.




			
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OHS/National Afro-American Museum & Cultural Center Pamphlet Collection

Handbook, 1909


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