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Centennial: The American Negro from 1776-1876; Oration Delivered at Avondale, Ohio, 1876
                          [ 20 ]
her intention of maintaining the "Union" at any cost.
On her escutcheon was written in burning letters, "The
union as it is!"
    What did this mean?  It meant  that it indorsed
slavery; that it wanted the South to retain her bondmen;
the only objection being, that the South, geographically,
ought not to extend slavery. But at the same time a
Southerner could bring his slave upon free soil and not
forfeit his right to him! The fires of the hell of slavery
could no longer be confined within a prescribed geographical
limit. They burst forth in all their fury! At the begin-
ning of the war it was avowedly stated throughout the
country that it was not a black man's but a white man's
war; that the negro had no part or lot in it. An apathy
had seized the conscience of the North, and a bribe had
closed her eyes.  She failed to see that slavery was the
cause of the conflict, and that except slavery was welcomed
to the bosom of the North or entirely extirpated, there
could be no peace.  From Bull Run to Gettysburg our
army met with signal defeat.  Her ranks were thinned by
the enemy's bullets, and wasted under a Southern sun,
while victory perched upon the banner of the Confederacy.
An hundred thousand northern sons had perished, for what
they did not know! The country was weak from loss of
blood; her treasury was empty; English bankers buttoned
up their pockets and in silence prayed that "Babylon" might
not fall.  But "He who was for us, was more than they all
who were against us!" First, conditions of peace were
offered.  If the South would only lay down her arms, she
could retain her property in human beings.
    The North told her that she did not care for her slaves;
but the South was determined not to be soothed by soft
promises. She wanted more territory, that she might lay
the foundations of her institution broader and deeper.


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Centennial: The American Negro from 1776-1876; Oration Delivered at Avondale, Ohio, 1876



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