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Progress of the Negro Race: Address at a Patriotic Race Service, Philadelphia
be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of
law, and that neither Congress nor any Territorial Legislature
nor any individual could give legal existence to slavery in any
territory of the United States. In contrast to this is the declara-
tion of the Democratic Convention held in Charleston in the same
year when it was resolved that the enactments of State Legisla-
tures to defeat the execution of the fugitive slave law were hostile
in character, subversive of the Constitution and revolutionary in
their effect.
            Republican Party Negro's Friend
  In 1864 the Republicans declared in favor of a constitutional
amendment prohibiting slavery, and the Democratic Convention
of the same year had little or nothing else to declare for except
an immediate cessation of hostilities.
  In 1868 the Republican Convention held at Chicago was able
to congratulate the country on the assured success of the recon-
struction policy of Congress as evidenced by the adoption in the
majority of the States, lately in rebellion, of constitutions secur-
ing equal civil and political rights for all. The Democratic Con-
vention held in New York in the same year arraigned the Re-
publican party in that "instead of restoring the Union it had so
far as in its power dissolved it, subjected ten States in times of
profound peace to military despotism and negro supremacy."
  In 1872 the Republican Convention held at Philadelphia de-
clared in favor of the constitutional amendments and demanded
legislation to carry them into effect, while the Democratic party
finally had gone to pieces on this and other questions and held
two conventions, one at Baltimore and one at Louisville.
  In 1876 the Republican Convention held in Cincinnati de-
clared it to be the solemn obligation of the Legislative and
Executive Department of the Government to put into immediate
and vigorous exercise all constitutional powers for removing any
just cause of complaint on the part of any class and for securing
to every American citizen complete liberty and exact equality in
the exercise of civil and political rights. In the same year the
Democratic Convention was absolutely silent in regard to the
rights of the negro.
  And so, if time permitted, I might go on and explain more in
detail the attitude of the two leading parties of the country upon


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Progress of the Negro Race: Address at a Patriotic Race Service, Philadelphia


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