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Progress of the Negro Race: Address at a Patriotic Race Service, Philadelphia
  But it is not only segregation that the negro has to fear from
the Wilson administration. Total elimination from the service
of the Federal Government will be his lot unless all signs fail.
What the negro haters of the Democratic party endeavored to
accomplish by brutal directness in the first administration of
Grover Cleveland, they now are endeavoring to accomplish by
stealth in the administration of Woodrow Wilson. Immediately
after the inauguration of President Cleveland the triumphant
Democrats who filled the responsible positions in the executive
departments at Washington began to throw the negro employes
out of office. There was then no hypocritical show of sympathy.
Later President Cleveland, when informed of what was being
done, directed a check to the anti-negro movement. But the
negroes had been removed and the Democratic leaders bothered
themselves not at all over the questihon of according the race any
substantial recognition.

      Persecution of Democratic Bureau Chiefs
  Now the status of the colored man is different. He has his
position in the civil service and it is his by legal right. No
bureau chief can throw him out without interference by the
Civil Service Commission. But the chief can make life unbear-
able for the colored men and women in his office and by a system
of petty persecutions he can make them give up "voluntarily"
that of which in law and justice they cannot be deprived. And
that is precisely what has been done in every department since
the Democrats came into power a year ago. The heads of the
departments at Washington seem determined to eliminate the
colored men and women from the government service. In the
guise of conferring favors on the colored employes, "Jim Crow"
systems have been established in the various bureaus. In the
Pension Bureau, for instance, a bureau presided over by an
Ohio Democrat, the negro clerks were summoned into confer-
ence and the suggestion was made to them that they all be as-
signed to a special room.  There they would find themselves in
congenial company and surroundings, it was insinuatingly
pointed out to them. As a further mark of recognition the
bureau head would provide them with a chief clerk of their own
race.  I am glad to state that the colored men and women em-
ployes in the Pension Bureau had the courage to reject this


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Progress of the Negro Race: Address at a Patriotic Race Service, Philadelphia


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