salary $10,000 a year. President Wilson appointed a white man
to that place. It had been the rule to send a negro to that diplo-
matic post. But the Democratic leaders desired it for a white
man and Minister Furniss was displaced, although, I am in-
formed, nobody denied his qualifications as a diplomat.
Ralph W. Tyler, an Ohio colored man, was Auditor for the
Navy Department when Mr. Wilson became President. That
place pays $4,000 a year. Mr. Tyler performed its duties satis-
factorily under Republican administrations. His resignation
was followed immediately by the appointment of a Southern
William T. Vernon was one of the leading negro educators
of this country. He was President of a negro university in Kan-
sas and was widely known as an orator and a lecturer on the
advancement of the colored race. He filled the office of Regis-
trar of the Treasury and later was given a position of re-
sponsibility in the Indian School Service. He is no longer con-
nected with the Federal Government.
These are the most prominent of the colored men who have
been removed from office by the present administration. It has
made a clean sweep of the officeholders of your race.
Faithful Capitol Employes Removed
It is at the Capitol, however, that the anti-negro policy of the
Democrats has been made most effective. That is the one
branch of the government in Washington not included in the
Civil Service. When the Republicans were in control of the
House and Senate many positions at the Capitol were filled by
colored men. Some of these employes had been at the Capitol
for many years. They had made records of the highest ef-
ficiency. When the Democrats became the majority party in both
branches of Congress they promptly removed these faithful em-
ployes and filled their places mostly with Southern Democrats.
There was no complaint against these men that reflected in the
slightest upon either their ability or integrity. The only charge
against them was that they were negroes.
There died in Washington recently a colored man, Archi-
bald Lewis by name, who for nearly half a century had been in the
service of the United States Supreme Court. In life he was