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Progress of the Negro Race: Address at a Patriotic Race Service, Philadelphia
the Republic of Mexico, to be reserved and used as Territories
of the United States for the colonization of and the pre-emption
of homesteads by the colored races inhabiting the United States."
  I shall go no further. This last joint resolution illustrates
that the Bourbon spirit of Southern Democracy is still abroad
in the land; that the negro can have little hope that the South-
ern Democrat or his party associates have learned the lessons of
past generations or have any disposition to sympathize with the
modern enlightenment of the 20th century.  These bills and
resolutions speak for themselves and require no further comment.
  I will conclude this phase of the subject by quoting from a
statement, which appeared in a newspaper, made by the man
whom President Wilson made Collector of Internal Revenue at
Atlanta, Georgia.   In commenting upon Government appoint-
ments in the South, he said:

             "Negro's Place, the Cornfield"

  "There are no Government positions for negroes in the South.
A negro's place is in the cornfield. I do not mean that a negro
should not be educated and have his rights, but there are deserv-
ing white men capable of holding the positions."
  In the South, local public sentiment, the sentiment of South-
ern whites, will delight in the sincerity and warmth of Collector
Blacock. "The negro's place is in the cornfield" is plain English.
It cannot be misunderstood. It may differ from the view of
Dr. Booker T. Washington, who, also, has warmth and sincerity;
but Georgia commends it.
   As for President Wilson, as good a practical politician as ever
occupied the White House, we imagine he wishes this Collector
had thought this instead of saying it for publication. In several
Northern States, negroes who hardly know what a cornfield is
have many thousands of votes on election day. Race pride is
strong with them. They read the newspapers. They see what
the Blacocks are saying. Any disposition to vote the Democratic
ticket will be checked and indisposition to vote the Democratic
ticket will be emphasized and accentuated as a result of such ut-
terances south of Mason and Dixon's line.
   One fact stands out prominently.  No negroes have been ap-


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Progress of the Negro Race: Address at a Patriotic Race Service, Philadelphia


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