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Progress of the Negro Race: Address at a Patriotic Race Service, Philadelphia
              Brave Men at San Juan Hill
  One of the colored heroes of San Juan Hill was First Ser-
geant George Berry, Troop D, Tenth Cavalry, who was retired
at Huntsville, Alabama, November 1, 1898, after thirty years
service. He had participated in campaigns against the Chey-
ennes, Kiowas, Araphoes, Comanches, Apaches, the Utes, in Col-
orado, Kansas, Texas and New Mexico, and his gallantry in
Cuba was nothing new; but his escape from death at San Juan
was a matter of wonder because of his conduct there. Under
a heavy fire, running in advance of his comrades, he waved aloft
the Stars and Stripes, and planted the colors of his regiment
upon the works from which the Spaniards were beginning to run
away. As he mounted the hill he kept calling as he ran: "Dress
on the colors, boys! Dress on the colors!"
  A paragraph in a newspaper states that during the Peace
Jubilee in Philadelphia, as this sable hero, bearing the tattered
flag he had carried so gallantly at La Quasima and San Juan,
marched in the procession with the Tenth Cavalry he was pelted
with roses from the balconies and stands crowded with people.
  If time permitted I could name scores of other colored heroes
who participated in the Spanish War, while the colored men on
board our battleships contributed their full share to the glorious
victories in the notable battles of Manila and Santiago.

           Investigation of Brownsville Affair

  Nor shall I, on this occasion, have an opportunity to more
than refer to the prominent part taken by the American soldier
of colored nationality in the subsequent contests of the Spanish
War, in the West Indies, and in the Philippines.
  When, in 1906, certain events occurred at Brownsville, Texas,
in which criticism was made of the colored soldiers, and when
action, apparently arbitrary and unwarranted, was taken by the
War Department, I promptly offered the following resolution in
the Senate on December 2, 1906:
  "Resolved, That the President be requested to communicate
to the Senate, if not incompatible with the public interests, full
information bearing upon the recent order dismissing from the
military service of the United States three companies of the


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Progress of the Negro Race: Address at a Patriotic Race Service, Philadelphia


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